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Reasons Why Genetic Testing Is Important The body is quite complicated. The human body is made up of millions of cells that contain the fundamental unit of humans’ identity called deoxyribonucleic acid or alternatively referred to as DNA. DNA is made up of genes which determine the majority of our bodies’ special qualities. In addition, genes are a major determinant of a person’s health. Genetic research has become very important in the modern medical world. Genetic tests are carried out on the blood or other tissue samples of the subject. There are a lot of reasons why genetic testing is now crucial. A number of them are discussed below. Probably the most frequent use of DNA testing is when conducting paternity tests. For one reason or another a person may need to confirm whether a child is theirs or they might not be sure about the identity of their parents. The DNA of children has many similarities with that of their parents. That is why most kids resemble their parents’ features. A DNA test performed on both the parent and the child can help confirm beyond reasonable doubt whether the child is the son or daughter of the parent. Thanks to genetic testing individuals have managed to find their lost relatives. It is also used in legal battles for instance in child support suits. Another benefit of DNA testing is that it can help discover ailments which a person may be suffering from or at risk of suffering from. Many conditions and disorders have their origins in our genes. Some disorders are also passed down to children through genes from their parents. A mutation in a person’s genes can also lead to growth of a disease. Genetic testing helps detect anomalies within the person’s genetic structure which in turn helps detect, prevent and cure ailments.
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Genetic testing also comes in handy is also used by doctors when running tests on newborn babies and unborn babies. There is a lot of controversy surrounding prenatal genetic testing but most doctors can agree it can go a long way in detecting diseases an infant is likely to be affected by. Early detection helps start treatment as soon as the baby is born. Newborn screening also helps doctors identify health problems that are likely to be influenced by genetics and also assess the risk of a particular illness in the child.
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Finally, genetic testing comes in handy when attorneys and detectives are collecting and presenting evidence in court. DNA tests are conducted on evidence like blood and hair strands found in crime scenes to determine the person who was involved. This has helped resolve a good deal of crimes by demonstrating the defendant was at the crime scene. DNA tests have also been used to free people who were convicted for crimes they did not commit.